KEDARNATH TEMPLE-[UTTAR PRADESH-INDIA]
The Kedarnath shrine, one of the 12 jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva, is a scenic spot situated, against the backdrop of the majestic Kedarnath range. At an altitude of 3,581 mt it is a 14 km trek from Gaurikund.
Kedar is another name of Lord Shiva, the protector and the destroyer. Shiva is considered the embodiment of all passions love, hatred, fear death and mysticism which are expressed through his various forms.
There are more than 200 shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva in Chamoli district itself, the most important one is Kedarnath. According to legend, the Pandavas after having won over the Kauravas in the Kurukshetra war, felt guilty of having killed their own brothers and sought the blessings of Lord Shiva for redemption. He eluded them repeatedly and while fleeing took refuge at Kedarnath in the form of a bull.
On being followed he dived into the ground, leaving his hump on the surface. The remaining portions of Lord Shiva appeared at four other places and are worshipped there as his manifestations.
The arms appeared at Tungnath, the face at Rudranath, the belly at Madmaheshwar and his locks (hair) and the four above mentioned shrines are treated as Panch Kedar.
BADRINATH-[UTTAR PRADESH- INDIA]
Badrinath is one of the Four Dhams of the country and is situated at an elevation of 3,133 meters above sea level, guarded on either side by the two mountain ranges knows as NAR & NARAYAN with the towering Neelkanth Peak providing a splendid back - drop. This revered spot was once carpeted with wild berries which gave it the name Badri Van, meaning forest of berries. Facing the temple at the bank of Alaknanda river there is a hot water spring known as TAPT KUND. A bath in this spring is refreshing to all travelers. And for women a separate tank is available. The temple opens every year in the month of May and closes for winters in the third week of November. The places to be visited around it are Charan Paduka (2 kms.), Mana village (4 kms.) Vyas Gufa, Shesh Netra Tal and Ganesh Gufa, Bhimpul (4 kms.), Mata Moorty, Vasudhara Falls (8 kms.).
GANGOTRI TEMPLE-[UTTAR PRADESH-INDIA]
Gangotri is one of the Char dhams of Uttarakhand. It is situated in the magnificent Garhwal Himalayas at an elevation of 3048 meters and is 105 kms from Uttarkashi. The Gangotri shrine is seen as the spiritual source of Hinduism's most sacred river, the Ganga. According to Hindu mythology, Ganga, the stream ofl life, was granted as reward for king Bhagiraths severe penance, and the rivers worshipped as a deity. Gaumukh, 18kmsouthwest of Gangotri, along the Gangotri glacier. The temple at Gangotri, which is visited by thousands of pilgrims between May and November, was built by a Gorkha Commander Amar Singh Thappa in the early 18th century.
YAMNOTRI TEMPLE-[UTTAR PRADESH-INDIA]
Yamunotri forms the source of the river Yamuna in the Bandarpunch Mountain, which is 6315 metres above the sea level. It is one of the four most significant pilgrimage places collectively called Char Dham in the Garhwal Himalayas. A temple has been constructed here dedicated to Goddess Yamuna and the holy thermal springs. This temple forms a major attraction for thousands of tourists every year.
Bhagiratha brought the Ganges into the earth, and into this point where his ancestors were burnt to ashes by the curse of the sage Kapila. Kapilastaan, a spot in Haridwar is pointed to as Kapila's hermitage. Haridwar was once known as Gangadwara.
Haridwar (and Rishikesh) represents the gateway to the Himalayan pilgrimage shrines of Badrinath and Kedarnath. The pilgrimage to the Himalayan shrines begins only when the sun reaches the zodiac sign of Aries. Haridwar is also the site of celebration of the Kumbha Mela, once in twelve years, when Jupiter transits to the zodiac sign of Aquarius.
The five sacred bathing spots in Haridwar are Gangadwara, Kankhal, Nila Parvata, Bilwa Theertha and Kusavarta. The main ghat at Haridwar is known as Hari-ki-Pairi (known for a footprint of Vishnu on a stone in a wall). Nearby is the Gangadwara temple, the most important of the several temples that dot this town. The Ganga Aarti which is celebrated at 7 pm each night, is a spectacular sight, when the aarti ceremony is performed at all temples in Haridwar at the same instant (see image above). Hundreds throng to the ghats at Hari-ki-Pairi to participate in this festival. Offerings of lamps and flowers are made to the river immediately following this ceremony and it is a moving sight to watch hundreds of miniature lamps float along the river.